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Ladakh is a mountainous desert located at altitudes ranging from 9,000 ft.to 25,000 ft. Situated at the western edge of the Tibetan Plateau, the Ladakh landscape has been modified and sculpted into its spectacular shape by wind and water erosion over the millennia. Despite the rugged terrain and difficult climatic conditions the people of Ladakh exhibit a natural and warm disposition. Their customs and lifestyle are a continuum from the past and the cultural traditions are vibrantly alive and colourful.
Leh, the largest town of Ladakh
Leh, was the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, now the Leh District in the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir. Leh District, with an area of 45,110 sq.km, is the second largest district in the country, after Kutch, Gujarat .
Kargil (2740m), 204 km from Srinagar, is the second largest town of Ladakh. It is also the headquarters of our destination, the district of Kargil. A quiet town today Kargil was once witness to the most hectic bartering among traders of different faiths and nationalities.
The Dras Valley is an enchanting valley formed by the Dras River which rises in the Machoi glacier near the famous Zozila Pass. The river is joined in its course by many other rivers and streams flowing in from snowfields in the nearby mountains. The river Shigar flowing in from the north drains an adjoining part of the Dras Valley. In summer, as the snow in the upland smelts, the volume of this river rises considerably. It meets the Suru River near Kharul a short distance away from Kargil. The terrain is characterized by rock and stone with the occasional greenish patch formed by willow and groves. .
Zanskar in the Kargil sub-division of Ladakh is located between the Great Himalayan Range to the south and the Indus Valley to the North. Zanskar river, which flows through it, joins the Indus a little below Leh. The whole Zanskar Valley is situated in the inner Himalaya and is higher than most other areas of Ladakh. The Climate is very harsh and the area receives precious little rain.
Nubra Valley at an average elevation of 3500 m is sand-witched between the Zanskar Range on its South and the Ladakh Range on its North, This is the geographical backbone, and the historical heartland of Ladakh. All major sites connected with its dynastic history are here, starting with Leh, the capital city. The bulk of the population resides along the Indus. Its main attraction are the numerous Buddhist monasteries, quaint villages, fairs , festivals and bazars. Air and road communications converge at Leh.